Best Books to Learn Japanese for Beginners
5 best Japanese language textbooks
Perhaps many of you are thinking that you would like to learn Japanese and be able to understand your favorite anime and video game series in their original version. Either you are thinking of coming to live in Japan and you want to have a Japanese base, or simply because you would like to learn the language.
The truth is that learning Japanese in a self-taught way is not easy, and the best thing is to go to an academy with teachers who can explain it to you and answer your questions. But not everyone can afford the costs of an academy, or some prefer to have prior knowledge before starting to study with a teacher. But nowadays there are various Japanese textbooks available on the market, and one can be confused on which to choose to start studying on their own. It’s an important decision, since it will be your first contact with the Japanese language. If the book doesn’t fit you, you will not be able to learn as much as you would like.
I don’t think it can be said that there is a single Japanese book that is the best of all, since different things work for each person. But here I’m going to show you what in my opinion are the 5 best textbooks to learn Japanese with a brief explanation of the dynamics of each book so that you can assess which one can best suit you. Let’s check them!
Minna no Nihongo
Minna no Nihongo is one of the most famous Japanese language book series and probably the most hated book by most Japanese students. It is the book that 99.9% of Japanese schools in Japan use, so if you want to go to one of these schools, it’s recommended that you start studying with this book on your own before. However, many foreigners consider this series of books to be outdated and not practical for learning Japanese.
But one of the good points about Minna no Nihongo is that they’re made with the JLPT in mind and it’s easy to know at what level you can present yourself based on what level of books you are on. For example, the Minna no Nihongo Beginner II would correspond more or less to a JLPT3. Also, if you study books Beginner I and II, you have the Japanese necessary to survive in your daily life.
The Minna no Nihongo is completely in Japanese, which some consider as an advantage since it forces you to improve your Japanese but others see it as a disadvantage since it’s difficult to understand grammatical rules if it’s not in your native language. But the Minna has a companion book available in 14 different languages with the translation and some notes or explanations.
The books are available here:
Marugoto are a series of Japanese language textbooks created by the Japan Foundation, the organisers of the JLPT. To my surprise, they are not usually mentioned in most articles that talk about Japanese textbooks, although many students consider them one of the best.
Although as I have explained these books are designed by the Japan Foundation itself, they don’t follow the order of the JLPT but are adapted to the common European system (A1, A2, B1, etc). Explains grammar and vocabulary in a much simpler way than for example Minna no Nihongo. Also, the books are focused on everyday Japanese and practical in real life.
The books are in full color and come in many languages. But one of the best things is that they have free material to download on the official website (exercises, listening, etc). You can also do some lessons for free online and check if you like it or you prefer a different book.
Official Website with free material: https://minato-jf.jp/
You can buy the books here:
Genki is another of the great favourites and most used Japanese language textbook for beginners along with the Minna no Nihongo. It’s used especially in universities, since it was designed for Japanese courses at universities so the book follows the adventures of an exchange university student. This means that most of the vocabulary and situations explained in the book are focused on exchange students, and therefore the book is perhaps not so useful if your situation is different.
Although it has similarities with Minna no Nihongo, since in Minna you follow the life of the main character who is a regular worker in Japan, Genki is simpler and easier to follow. The lessons are not so focused on the JLPT but on everyday situations in daily life. In each lesson they first teach you dialogues and situations that can happen in your day to day, and then they explain in more detail the grammar and vocabulary that has been used in that dialogue.
But the main difference between Minna no Nihongo and Genki is that Genki is explained in English, which many people find more comfortable and easy.
Buy it now here:
A Dictionary of Japanese Grammar
This is a set of three grammar dictionaries: Basic, Intermediate and Advanced. They work as other dictionaries: they present the information in alphabetical order, but in this case instead of meanings they show the reader the different grammar points of Japanese language. Grammar is presented in a very detailed way: every entry includes a translation into English, similar structures in Japanese or related expressions, a detailed explanation of the grammatical structure and plenty of examples. They also include other helpful information like verb conjugation charts; lists of suffixes, conjunctions, etc.; specific structures, etc.
The books are available here:
Basic Kanji Book
Besides the grammar, one of the most important things when you study Japanese are the kanji. Also, the simplest kanjis are something that is relatively easy to study on your own, without the need for a teacher. You have to memorize the kanji, learn to write it in the order of the strokes and know its reading and meaning.
Basic Kanji Book is one of the classics for learning kanjis, and in my opinion, one of the most complete. It is a series of two books, and between them they cover the first 500 kanjis studied in primary school. In other words, each book has 250 kanjis. The book show you the stroke order for each kanji and leave several blanks for you to practice writing yourself. Also show you the meaning of the kanji and the two readings it has. Finally, each unit has simple exercises to practice the kanjis and the words that appear in that unit.
You can buy the books here:
What do you think? Is there any other book that you would add to this list?
If you want to learn Japanese in a different way, it is also recommended to watch anime!
If you want more information about learning Japanese o things that may be useful to you if you plan to live in Japan or are living in Japan, you can check these articles too!
▽Related Articles ▽